World Wetlands Day 2019
- 02 Feb
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Zimbabwe joined the rest of the world in commemorating World Wetlands Day, yesterday, the 2nd of February2019. This day marks the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar, therefore the treaty became commonly known as the Ramsar Convention.
Zimbabwe is a signatory to this treaty hence it is mandated to protect and treat wetlands as special habitats for several forms of plants, birds and animals. Moreover, Zimbabwe together with other 168 contracting parties have committed themselves to; work towards the sustainable use of all their wetlands, designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management and cooperate internationally on trans boundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.
In accordance to the Ramsar Convention, A total of seven (7) sites have been designated as ‘Ramsar protected wetlands’ covering 28 582.40ha and these are as follows;
Wetlands are areas of land that are flooded with water, either seasonally or permanently. Common names of wetlands in Zimbabwe are Matoro/Mapani (Shona) and Amaxhaphozi (Ndebele).
Wetlands often viewed as wasteland and the following result in wetland degradation?
Wetlands and Climate Change. This year, commemorations will be done at community level, particularly in areas where wetlands have been preserved. Particular attention will be given to those communities that have benefitted from the conservation and wise use of wetlands amid the El Nino effect which has resulted in droughts across the country.